Evaluating the scientific output: Bibliometric indicators

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Quartile / Percentile

Quartile rankings are derived for each journal in each of its subject categories according to which quartile of the IF distribution the journal occupies for that subject category.

Quartiles image

The databases that offer this indicator are:

JCR (Journal Citation Reports)
SJR (Scimago Journal & Country Rank) 

Quartiles are useful when applying for grants and assessment such as (National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation of Spain, ANECA) or (Catalan University Quality Assurance Agency, AQU Catalonia)
Quartiles are also useful when deciding best journals to publish.

Impact factor (JIF) (JCR)

The Journal Impact Factor is the average number of times articles from the journal published in the past two years have been cited in the JCR year.

Journal citation reports Help.

The databases that offer this indicator are:

JCR (Journal Citation Reports)

Web of Science 


Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

New JCR indicator for all journals included in the  Web of Science Core Collection:

  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • Social Science Citation Index
  • Arts & Humanities Citation Index
  • Emerging Sources Citation Index

See the tutorial at Journal Citation Indicator Guide

The database that offers this indicator is

JCR (Journal Citation Reports)



CiteScore (SCOPUS)

Citeschore 2021 screen capture

Calculating the CiteScore is based on the number of citations to documents  by a journal over four years, divided by the number of the same document types indexed in Scopus and published in those same four years.

CiteScore methodology

CitesScore FAQs.
The database that offer this indicator is: Scopus


SJR indicator image

SJR (SCImago Journal Rank) indicator: It expresses the average number of weighted citations received in the selected year by the documents published in the selected journal in the three previous years, --i.e. weighted citations received in year X to documents published in the journal in years X-1, X-2 and X-3.



SNIP indicator image

SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper) measures contextual citation impact by weighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field.



The databases that offer these indicators are: Scopus and SJR (Scimago Journal & Country Rank)  

Immediacy index (JCR)

The Immediacy Index is the average number of times an article is cited in the year it is published.

  • The journal Immediacy Index indicates how quickly articles in a journal are cited.
  • The aggregate Immediacy Index indicates how quickly articles in a subject category are cited.

The Immediacy Index is calculated by dividing the number of citations to articles published in a given year by the number of articles published in that year.
The databases that offer this indicator are: JCR (Journal Citation Reports)


Eigenfactor logo

A journal's Eigenfactor score is our measure of the journal's total importance to the scientific community.

The databases that offer this indicator areEigenfactor and Incites JCR (Incites Journal Citation Reports)

Main characteristics:

  • covers a period of five years
  • measures the importance of scholarly journals within the scientific community. 
  • a metric that rates journals on the basis of citations but gives higher weight to those citations coming from more influential journals.
  • this indicator is more qualitative than quantitative
  • Eigenfactor assigns journals to a single category
  • self-citations are not included.
  • Eigenfactor scores and article influence scores rank journals much as Google ranks websites.

H-index (scholarly journals)

The h index expresses the journal's number of articles (h) that have received at least h citations. It quantifies both journal scientific productivity and scientific impact and it is also applicable to scientists, countries.